Decoding Language Learning: A Guide from the Hardest to Easiest Languages to Learn


Warm welcome to our blog post that takes a deep dive into the thematic area of language learning difficulty. In this comprehensive piece, we will unpack the concept of language difficulty and delve into its influencing factors. We will also examine some of the hardest languages to learn, offering an outline of the obstacles they pose. Further, we will take a detailed look at Mandarin and Arabic, discussing their intricacies, the reasons for their difficulty, and offering tips to navigate these challenges. In the final part, we will shed light on moderately difficult languages along with the easiest languages. So, whether you are a linguaphile or someone looking to take up a new language, this blog-post is tailor-made for you!

The Concept of Language Difficulty

Language difficulty is quite subjective, varying significantly from person to person. However, certain common factors typically denote a language’s difficulty level. Let’s delve into these factors for a comprehensive understanding.

Factors Determining Language Difficulty

1. Linguistic Distance: The similarity (or lack thereof) between your mother tongue and the language you wish to learn plays a paramount role in determining the latter’s difficulty. For instance, languages from the same family or those sharing common features in grammar, vocabulary, and syntax are generally easier to learn than those belonging to different language families.

2. Script and Writing System: The complexity of a language’s writing system often adds to its difficulty. Non-Latin scripts, for instance, those of Mandarin and Arabic, may pose considerable challenges for learners.

3. Phonetics and Pronunciation: The sound and pronunciation structures of a language can make it relatively easy or notably challenging to master. Those with numerous unfamiliar sounds or intricate pronunciation rules such as Mandarin and Arabic are usually hard to learn.

4. Grammar Complexity: A language’s grammar- its verb conjugation, sentence structure, and word order, among others, can define its difficulty level. Highly inflected grammar systems like those in Russian or German tend to be challenging for learners.

5. Cultural Context: Acquiring a language necessitates an understanding of its cultural nuances, idiomatic expressions, and social conventions. Languages with substantial cultural context like Arabic or Japanese may require learners to invest more time and effort to master them fully.

Individual Differences in Language Learning

Internal factors like aptitude, motivation, learning strategies, and past language learning experiences significantly impact one’s ability to learn a new language. While certain individuals might find some languages easier based on these factors, it’s important to remember that with dedication and effective learning strategies, anyone can overcome language learning challenges.

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Hardest Languages to Learn

Learning a new language can be an enriching experience, but it’s not without its challenges, especially when it comes to certain languages. Let’s have a closer look at the hardest languages to learn.

Overview of the Hardest Languages

Some languages are often considered the most difficult for English speakers to learn:

  • Mandarin Chinese
  • Arabic
  • Japanese
  • Russian
  • Hungarian

While this list is by no means exhaustive, it gives a snapshot of the linguistic challenges posed by these languages.

Specific Challenges in these Languages

Each language brings its own unique set of difficulties. For instance, Mandarin:

  • Character Writing System: Mandarin uses Chinese characters, which may seem daunting and intricate to learners. Gathering the thousands of characters necessary for functional literacy in Mandarin can be a lengthy and challenging process.
  • Tones: Mandarin is a tonal language, implying that the pitch pattern of a word can alter its meaning. This tonal aspect can be tricky for learners who are not used to distinguishing between different pitch patterns.
  • Grammar Structure: Mandarin follows a different grammatical structure compared to English, which might be challenging to grasp. The lack of verb conjugation and the use of particles and measure words can be unfamiliar to English speakers.

Arabic has its own unique challenges:

  • Arabic Script: Arabic is written from right to left in a unique script. Learners need to accustom themselves to this script to read and write Arabic effectively.
  • Complex Verb System: Arabic possesses a complex verb system with different verb forms and conjugations based on tense, mood, and gender. Getting a grip on this complexity can be challenging for learners.
  • Pronunciation: Arabic has certain sounds that are not present in English, such as the guttural sound of “qaf”. Pronouncing these sounds accurately can be challenging for English speakers.

Detailed Review: Mandarin

Often referred to simply as Mandarin, Mandarin Chinese is the most widely spoken language globally. It is China’s official language and is spoken by billions worldwide. Let’s delve into why Mandarin is considered hard to learn and provide some tips for successful language acquisition.

Why Mandarin is Difficult to Learn

Mandarin poses several challenges for learners:

  • Character Writing System: Mandarin uses Chinese characters. Each character is a logogram representing a whole word or concept. Learning the characters and their stroke order can be demanding and time-consuming.
  • Tonal Language: Mandarin is a tonal language with four tones and a neutral tone. Getting a firm grip on the tones is crucial for understanding Mandarin and making oneself understood.
  • Grammar Structure: Mandarin has a different grammatical structure compared to English, with a subject-verb-object word order and lack of verb conjugation. Adapting to this structural difference can take some time.

Tips for Learning Mandarin Successfully

Despite its challenges, Mandarin can be conquered with the correct approach. Here are some tips to guide you on your Mandarin language-learning journey:

  • Start with Pinyin: Pinyin is a romanized form of Mandarin Chinese and uses the English alphabet to signify Mandarin sounds. Learning Pinyin can aid you in understanding pronunciation and tones before diving into Chinese characters.
  • Focus on Tones: Mastering the tones is crucial in Mandarin. Practice incorporating tones into your speech and listen to native speakers to hone your tonal accuracy.
  • Practice Writing Characters: Begin with essential characters and gradually expand your character vocabulary. Using writing practice sheets and repetition can reinforce character memorization.
  • Immerse Yourself in the Language: Immerse yourself in Mandarin as much as possible. Enjoy songs, watch films or TV shows, and find language exchange partners to practice speaking Mandarin.
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Detailed Review: Arabic

Arabic, a Semitic language, is spoken by millions across the Middle East and North Africa. As the liturgical language of Islam, it carries a rich cultural heritage. Let’s delve into why Arabic is hard to learn and provide some tips for successful Arabic language acquisition.

Why Arabic is Difficult to Learn

Arabic presents several challenges for learners:

  • Arabic Script: Arabic uses a unique script read from right to left. Familiarizing oneself with this script and its various forms can be initially overwhelming for beginners.
  • Complex Verb System: Arabic has an elaborate verb system with various verb forms and conjugations based on tense, mood, and gender. Gaining mastery over these forms necessitates dedicated effort and practice.
  • Pronunciation: Arabic includes distinct sounds that might not exist in other languages. Accurate pronunciation of these sounds, such as the guttural “qaf” sound, can be challenging for learners.

Tips for Learning Arabic Successfully

Despite its challenges, Arabic can be conquered with the correct approach. Here are some tips to guide you on your Arabic language-learning journey:

  • Start with Basic Conversational Phrases: Begin by learning common Arabic phrases and expressions used in daily conversations. This will help you establish a foundation and build confidence in speaking.
  • Practice Writing Arabic Script: Spend time learning and practicing the Arabic script. Start with the alphabet and gradually progress to formulating words and sentences.
  • Focus on Verb Conjugations: Work on understanding and memorizing the various forms and conjugations of Arabic verbs. Practice using them in different tenses and contexts.
  • Immerse Yourself in Arabic Culture: Dive into Arabic music, films, literature, and cuisine for a deeper understanding of the language and its cultural context.

Moderately Difficult Languages to Learn

Overview of the Moderately Difficult Languages

Aside from the hardest languages to learn, various other languages fall under the moderately difficult category. These include:

  • German
  • Korean
  • Italian
  • Swahili
  • Thai

While these languages pose their own challenges, they are widely studied and boast a wealth of resources for learners.

Specific Challenges in these Languages

Each of these languages presents its unique challenges. For example, German has intricate grammar rules and a broad range of word genders and declensions. Korean uses a unique writing system and an elaborate honorifics system. Italian has an extensive verb conjugation system and unique pronunciation rules. Swahili has complex noun classes and grammatical agreements. Thai uses a unique script and a different sound system when compared to English. Regardless of these challenges, with dedication and practice, learners can make considerable progress in mastering these languages.

Easiest Languages to Learn

Overview of the Easiest Languages

While language difficulty is subjective, there are a few languages often considered relatively easy for English speakers to learn. These include:

  • Spanish
  • French
  • Italian
  • Portuguese
  • Dutch

These languages share similarities with English in vocabulary, grammar, or both, which can expedite the learning process for English speakers.

Tips for Learning these Languages Effectively

If you’re interested in learning one of these languages, here are a few tips to help you sail through:

  • Immerse Yourself in the Language: Surround yourself with native speakers or authentic language resources such as movies, TV shows, and music. This will familiarize you with the natural rhythm and vocabulary of the language.
  • Practice Speaking: Find language exchange partners or join conversation groups to practice speaking regularly. This will bolster your confidence and improve your fluency.
  • Focus on Core Vocabulary: Start with the most frequently used words and phrases in the language. This will provide a solid foundation for communication and make it easier to expand your vocabulary in the long run.
  • Use Language Learning Apps and Websites: Language learning apps and websites offering interactive lessons, vocabulary exercises, and pronunciation drills could be of great help. These resources supplement your learning and provide a structured approach to language acquisition.


Language learning can be challenging but it is invariably a rewarding experience. We have explored the concept of language difficulty and the influencing factors. We discussed some of the hardest languages to learn, including Mandarin and Arabic, and offered tips for successful language acquisition. We also touched upon moderately difficult languages and the easiest languages to learn, offering tips for effective language learning. Regardless of the language you choose to learn, it is personal drive and efficient learning strategies that are key to your success. If you’re looking for a platform that can assist you in this journey, consider checking out Mondly, a renowned platform for learning new languages. So, fasten your seatbelts for enjoying the enriching experience of exploring new cultures and broadening your horizons!

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